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Introduction of HTML

HTML is a markup language that is used to create web pages.


What is HTML?

HTML is a markup language for creating web pages.

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.
  • HTML elements are building blocks of HTML pages.
  • HTML elements are represented by tags.
  • HTML was written by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991.
  • The first version consisted of 18 HTML tags. Now there are currently about 140 tags.

HTML Versions

Version Year
HTML 1991
HTML 2.0 1995
HTML 3.2 1997
HTML 4.01 1999
XHTML 2000
HTML 5 2014

Key Points

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines this document to be HTML 5.
  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page.
  • The <head> element contains meta information about the document.
  • The <title> element specifies a title for the document.
  • The <body> element contains the visible page content.

HTML Editors

Web pages can be created and modified by using provessional HTML editors.


Steps to create HTML file and save this

  • Step 1- open text editor
  • Step 2- write some HTML
  • Step 3- save the HTML file with filename.html
  • Step 4- open saved file in your browser

Web Browsers

The purpose of a web browser is to read HTML documents and display result.


List of common Web Browsers

  • Google Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Microsoft Edge